What is VAR? The Video Assistant Referee explained

What is VAR? The Video Assistant Referee explained
What is VAR? The Video Assistant Referee explained

Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

St. Petersburg Stadium, Saint PetersburgDesigned by late Japanese architect Kisho Kurosawa to look like a spaceship, the brand new St. Petersburg Stadium was built on Krestovsky Island where the 110,000-capacity Kirov Stadium used to stand.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

St. Petersburg Stadium, Saint PetersburgOpened in April 2017, the stadium is equipped with a retractable roof and sliding pitch. Inside, the temperature can be regulated to a mild 59 degrees Fahrenheit (15 C) all year round.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

St. Petersburg Stadium World Cup schedule: Group stage, last 16, semifinal, third-place playoff
Legacy
: The 67,000-seater will regain its former name -- Krestovsky Stadium -- and be home to 2007-08 UEFA Cup winners Zenit St. Petersburg.

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Ekaterinburg Stadium, YekaterinburgLocated 1,000 miles east of Moscow on the site of the old Central Stadium -- once a prominent speed skating venue -- the Ekaterinburg Stadium has retained its original Soviet neo-Classical pillars while adding modern refurbishments and temporary stands.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Ekaterinburg Stadium, YekaterinburgThe additional seats, constructed outside of the original stadium, loom dramatically at either end of the pitch in order to fulfill FIFA's minimum World Cup capacity of 35,000. Recent inspection reports have shown the temporary stands "fully comply with all safety and security requirements," according to a FIFA spokesperson.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Ekaterinburg Stadium World Cup schedule: Group stage
Legacy
: FC Ural, one of Russia's oldest clubs newly promoted to the country's top tier, will continue to use the stadium for its home games. After the World Cup, the capacity will be reduced and it will once again be known as Central Stadium.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Fisht Stadium, SochiThe Fisht Stadium held the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2014 Winter Olympics and is already well-equipped for the demands of a major international football tournament.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Fisht Stadium, SochiNamed after Mount Fisht, a peak in the nearby Caucasus mountain range, the arena's roof was designed to resemble a snow-capped summit.

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Fisht Stadium World Cup schedule: Group stage, last 16, quarterfinals
Legacy
: The 47,700-capacity venue will stage training camps and competitive matches for the Russian national team.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Luzhniki Stadium, MoscowIt was home to the 1980 Summer Olympics, 2008 Champions League final, 2013 Athletics World Championships and no shortage of musical tours, from Michael Jackson to the Rolling Stones...

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Luzhniki Stadium, MoscowNow the Luzhniki Stadium has been refurbished -- with the athletics track removed and two extra tiers added -- while preserving its historical facade.

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Luzhniki Stadium World Cup schedule: Group stage, last 16, semifinal, final
Legacy:
The 81,006-seater will retain its status as the country's leading football stadium, hosting competitive international matches and friendlies.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Kaliningrad Stadium, KaliningradBuilt in the heart of Kaliningrad on Oktyabrsky Island -- a section of land sandwiched between Poland and Lithuania left largely untouched until its selection as a World Cup venue -- the Kaliningrad stadium is loosely based on the design of Bayern Munich's Allianz Arena.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Kaliningrad Stadium, KaliningradKaliningrad Stadium World Cup schedule: Group stage
Legacy
: The 35,000-seater stadium will have its capacity reduced by 10,000 and be home to second-tier side FC Baltika Kaliningrad. A new residential development will be built around it featuring parks, quays and embankments alongside the Pregola river.

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Rostov Arena, Rostov-on-DonLocated about 20 miles from the Sea of Azov in south eastern Russia, the brand new Rostov Arena is 51m tall -- as high as the Niagra Falls.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Rostov Arena World Cup schedule: Group stage, last 16
Legacy:
As one of the first major projects built on the southern bank of the Don River, architects hope the 45,000-seater stadium will attract a flow of people and investment from the north. It will also host Russian Premier League side FC Rostov's home fixtures.

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Volgograd Arena, VolgogradBuilt at the foot of the towering Mamayev Kurgan World War II memorial "The Motherland Calls" (pictured), the Volgograd Stadium will replace the demolished Central Stadium and feature an open lattice exterior structure.

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Volgograd Arena World Cup schedule: Group stage
Legacy
: The 45,000-seater will become the home ground of second-tier side FC Rotor Vologograd.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Spartak Stadium, MoscowBuilt to host Spartak Moscow -- the "people's team" which has made do without its own venue for almost a century -- the 43,298-seater Spartak Stadium will go on proving its worth long after the World Cup. The arena's facade features hundreds of red and white diamonds representing Spartak's logo, which change color when the Russian national side plays there.

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Spartak Stadium World Cup schedule: Last 16
Legacy:
As well as hosting Spartak Moscow and the national side, the stadium will provide the center piece for a new residential development.

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Nizhny Novgorod Stadium, Nizhny NovgorodSituated at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers, the new Nizhny Novgorod Stadium is designed to resemble the shimmering waters that surround it. The 45,331-capacity arena sits close to the Alexander Nevsky cathedral, and with views across to the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Nizhny Novgorod Stadium World Cup schedule: Group stage, last 16, quarterfinals
Legacy
: The stadium was intended to become the permanent home of Russian club FC Volga, replacing the Lokomotiv Stadium after the tournament. However, Volga dissolved because of financial troubles in June 2016. Instead, second tier Olympiets Nizhny Novgorod will call the new build home.

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Samara Arena, SamaraConstructed in a southeastern region renowned for its aerospace sector, the 44,807-seater Samara Arena is designed to resemble an otherworldly glass dome. By night, the whole structure will light up.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Samara Arena World Cup schedule: Group stage, last 16, quarterfinals
Legacy
: The 44,918-capacity stadium will be known as Cosmos Arena, hosting Russian second-tier side FC Krylia Sovetov Samara.

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Eleven cities, 12 stadiums

Featuring a striking orange, red and white exterior, construction on the 44,442-seater Mordovia Arena began in 2010. Initially hoped to be completed two years later for the 1,000th anniversary of the Mordovian people's unification with Russia's other ethnic groups, it was eventually finished in April 2018.

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Mordovia Arena World Cup schedule: Group stage
Legacy:
With a population of just 300,000, Saransk is the smallest of the 2018 World Cup host cities. After the tournament, some of the stadium's temporary structures will be demolished, reducing the capacity to 25,000. It will become the home of third-tier side FC Mordovia.

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Kazan Arena, KazanDesigned by the same firm of architects as Wembley and Arsenal's Emirates Stadium, Kazan Arena was constructed to blend seamlessly into the surrounding landscape. Viewed from above, it is said to resemble a water-lily on the banks of the adjacent Kazanka river. The front of the stadium is dominated by a high definition screen with a total area of 3,700 meters -- the largest of its kind in the world.

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